We’ll use the following(9) categories as those covering the major News Values:
Timeliness, Proximity, Impact, Conflict, Oddity, Sex, Emotion, Prominence and Progress:
If any one of these values is present, a history has News Values, but many stories contain more than values. Remember this latter fact as you study the material that follows because even though the 9 values are used as the framework for this discussion, several of the examples given might just one possible classification; another course pack-shack might classify these values under deferent categories.
Rather than memorizing a set of categories, your chef concern will be to develop your understanding of what constitutes an interesting news story.
Did something happen recently or did we just learn about it? If so, that could make it newsworthy. The meaning of “recently” varies depended since the previous edition the week before many be considered timely. For a 24-hour cable news channel, the timeliest news many be “breaking news” or something that is happening this very minute and can be covered by a reporter live at the scene.
Information has timeliness if it happened recently:
Recently is defined by the publication cycle of the news medium in which the information will appear.
· For Newsweek events that happened during the previous week are timely.
· For daily newspaper, however, events that happened during the 24 hours since the last edition of the paper are timely.
· For CNN headline News, events that happened during the past half hour are timely.
Readers are interested in what happens close to news of an event to the readers or listeners and how closely it touches their lives. People are interested mainly in themselves, their families, their friends and their home town, their jobs, improvement or progress stories are important in their degree of proximity.
Information has proximity if it involves something happened somewhere nearby.
· If a bus wreck in India kills 25 people, the Nashville Tennessean will devote maybe three or four grafs to the story.
· But if the bus wreck in downtown Nashville kills 25 people, the Tennessean will devote a sizable chunk of its front page to the story.
Are many people affected or just a few? Contamination in the water system that serves your town’s 20,000 people has impact because it affects your audience directly. A report that 10 children were killed from drinking polluted water at a summer camp in a distant city has impact too, because the audience is likely to have a strong emotional response to the story. The fact that a worker cut a utility line is not big news, unless it happens to cause a blackout across the city that lasts for several hours.
Information has impact if it affects a lot of people.
· A proposed income tax increase, for instance, has impact, because an income tax increase would affect a lot of people.
· The accidental killing of a little girl during a shootout between rival drug gangs has impact, too. Even though only one person –the little girl –was directly affected, many people will feel a strong emotional response to the story.
Sporting events, wars and revolution are the most common examples of conflict in the news. Man maybe pitted against man, soccer team against another soccer team, nation against nation, or man against the natural elements. A story about a pilot struggling to land a crippled airliner or a fisherman rescuing the flood-hit is some examples.
Information has conflict if it involves some kind of disagreement between two or more people.
· Remember how, when you were a kid, everyone would run t watch a fight if one erupted on the playgroup?
· Fights have drama—who will win? And invite those watching to choose sides and root for one or more of the combatants.
· Good democracy involves more civil we hope conflicts over the nature of public policy. That’s why the media carry so much political news. Journalists see themselves as playing an important role in the public debate that forms the basis for democracy.
The unusual or strange will help lift a story out of the ordinary. If an ordinary pilot parachuted out of an ordinary plane with an ordinary parachute and made an ordinary landing, there is no real news value. However, if the aviator had only one leg, this is news; or if the parachute fails to open and the pilot lands safely, this is also news. More examples: The man who bit his dog or the plane that landed even though the pilot had bailed out. Or if a dog bites a man this is not news, if a man bites a dog this is news.
Sometimes sex is the biggest single element news, or at least it appears to be the element that attracts readers the most. Consider all the stories in papers that involve men and women sports, financial news, society and crime. Sex, in discussing news elements, covers far more than a Hollywood star’s impending visit. The element of sex ranges from front-page sensationalism, to even news involving engagements and marriages. Nevertheless, any type of news that overemphasizes the cheesecake element is considered to be in poor taste.
The emotional element, sometimes called the human interest element, covers all the feelings that human beings have, including happiness, sadness, anger, sympathy, ambition, hate, love, envy, generosity and humour. Emotion is comedy; emotion is tragedy; it is the interest you have in humankind. A good human interest story can range from a real tearjerker to a rollicking farce.
Prominence is a one-word way of saying “names make news”. When a person is prominent, like the president of the US, almost anything “He” does is newsworthy –even his church attendance. But prominence is not restricted or reserved for VIPS only. Some places, things and events have prominence too. For example: the Rashrapati Bhavan (a place) the hope Diamond (a thing) and Diwali (an event) all awaken interest.
In our technologically advanced society, we are interested in space exploration. Therefore, developments of more powerful and advanced rockets to propel manned space flights are of great interest. But progress does not always have to be dramatic …an improvement in paper clips can also be a “great leap forward”.
The best point of news that knows news is the elements of news. Without elements of news, reporter can not make news. With elements of news we can make interesting news for the Mass Media.
The elements of news are six numbers:
They are: Who, When, Where, How, What and Where.
Who: Reporter must to know and find the things and the persons to prepare the news. In this cause, it is very important to reporter find this elements of news and know the subject of news. Ex: the president speaks in Kabul University.
When: time is a happening in every cause of the news values (timeliness). If the events of happen times has important. The reporter must to put the timeliness of events to the basic of news and increase this point. Ex: today announce the results of concern. This nature is give information and technology nature for itself.
Where: this element is include to the proximity of news values and defined for us, the place of happening. In the cities of events place happening is very important to announce. Ex: tomorrow is the celebrate day of the graduation university site. Bomb explosive to Kabul at the near wazracbar khan.
What: It shows, which kind of event come in. like: a accident, election, making in news may has a lot what elements and reporter must to find a good that has very a lot values between them.
Why: this element defined the reason of news or a happening. Ex: the president in Kabul University has a conference yesterday, because the new educational year started.
How: how element can defined the quality of events. Ex: with tourism minister announce start the tourism conference in Kabul. In this example (with tourism minister announce) is how element.